The mining industry is well developed in Jamaica due to a thriving bauxite industry and along with tourism is one of the two largest contributors to the Jamaican tax base. Mining regulations are well developed and administered under the authority of the Ministry of Science, Technology, Energy and Mines (MSTEM). Special Exclusive Prospecting Licenses (SEPLs) are granted for mineral exploration and development activities. This includes but is not limited to, drilling, geophysical and geochemical surveys, water rights, and access roads. Surface access notification to local land owners with compensation for disturbance is set forth in the SEPL rules. No Environmental Impact Study (EIS) is required for exploration or development activities; however archaeological sites, including old mining sites must get approval before disturbance or removal.

A strong history of Canadian based expertise in the industry is based on over four decades of work in Jamaica by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC).


The Bellas Gate Project (BGP) consists of two wholly-owned Special Exclusive Prospecting Licenses (SEPLs) covering 84km2. The licenses are located within highly deformed, altered and mineralized Cretaceous rocks within the Central Inlier of Jamaica. European explorers mined placer gold in the 16th Century and high grade copper veins were mined by British Companies at several sites on the project in the mid 1800s. No significant exploration or development was undertaken subsequently until the 20th century. Explorationists have just recently become aware of the potential for silver and gold deposits in addition to copper at the BGP. C3 Metals entered into a Joint Venture with OZ Minerals of Australia in January 2014. After spending close to $12.5M and having earned a 70% interest in the BGP, OZ Minerals elected to hand their interest back to Carube for future consideration of cash payments and a residual interest.


The BGP is located within the Cretaceous Central Inlier of Jamaica which has a geologic history of subduction, crustal thickening and tectonism that produced extensive mineralization throughout the Caribbean such as the Pueblo Viejo deposit containing more than 36 million ounces gold and 930 million pounds of copper (Barrick 2011 Annual Report)


Excellent potential at BGP exists for economically viable copper-gold deposits, with porphyry, epithermal, skarn, oxide and copper gold (IOCG) type targets 


Drilling results have been returned excellent grade over significant lengths at numerous target areas at the BGP.  A summary can be seen in the table below.  See Press Releases or the NI-43-101 reports for further information. The BGP has an incredible amount of copper in soil anomalies with several walk up drill targets, many without any previous drilling. Magnetic Inversion modelling indicates a large body beneath the Coffee Anomaly, yet to be tested.




Over 35 high grade showings have been located through the years with mainly grab samples yielding up to 45% copper, 2.25 ounces gold/ton and 127.6 ounces silver/ton and channel samples of up to 3.5% copper over 2.4m.


The Main Ridge Project (MRP) consists of a wholly-owned Special Exclusive Prospecting License (SEPL) covering 30 sq. km. MRP is located within the west-central part of the highly tectonized altered and mineralized Cretaceous Central Inlier. Europeans mined placer gold in the 16th Century within the Central Inlier. Grass roots exploration including sampling and mapping have been completed to date at the MRP.


The geologic history of subduction, crustal thickening and tectonism has produced extensive mineralization within areas of Cretaceous rock throughout the Caribbean, such as at the Pueblo Viejo deposit, which contains more than 36 million ounces of gold and 930 million pounds of copper.


Exploration and prospecting, namely soil sampling and limited prospecting by BHP and others, during the 1990s demonstrate the excellent potential at MRP for economically-viable epithermal gold and gold-copper porphyry and oxides deposits. A Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) stream sediment sampling program indicates the presence of gold and copper in the Main Ridge area. The MRP surrounds the former Pennants Gold Mine with a reported resource grade of 20.4g/t Au 




Two mineralized structural corridors have been identified at the MRP, Bennett Gold Zone (BGZ) and Rio Minho Valley (RMV)

Bennett Gold and Silver Zone

Gold mineralization concentrated along dilatational jogs, with recent grab samples (selected samples that are not necessarily representative of the mineralization hosted on the property) assaying up to

  • 19.3g/t gold at Mango Valley
  • 12.0g/t gold at Donkey Hill
  • 1.7g/t gold at Silver Fish


Rio Minho Valley Copper and Silver Trend

  • Channels 0m @ 2.0% Cu, and 6.0m @ 1.6% Cu at Trout Hall
  • Channels 0m @ 1.2% Cu, includes 4.0m @ 2.2% Cu at Cobre Verde
  • Channels assayed 2.0m @ 6.1% Cu, 2.0 meters @ 1.92% Cu at Lime Valley


BHP discovered a 6 km structurally-controlled gold in soil anomaly in the 1980’s. This anomaly led to the discovery of the Pennants Gold Mine, a high grade 75,535t @ 20.4g/t Au small mining operation. The deposit at Pennants is open at depth and along strike.  A number of historical intersections of veins have been reported on the licence from near the eastern end of Bennett Gold Zone: 7.7 gAu/t over 3.0m from one hole; 3.0 gAu/t over 2.2m and 22.9 gAu/t over 2.0m from a second hole: and 2.0 gAu/t from a third hole.[2] At the former Pennants Gold Mine, values of 3.0m to 5.0m true width from drill core, commonly assayed from 6.0 – 8.0 gAu/t, frequently exceeding 10.0 gAu/t. 

1 Published report, Geochemical exploration for gold in Jamaica: A comparison of stream sediment and soil surveys, Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 4, 161-170, 1 May 2004, authored by Robert G. Garrett, Gerald C. Lalor.

2 The mineral reserve cited above is presented as a historical estimate and uses historical terminology which does not conform to current NI43-101 standards. A qualified person has not done sufficient work to classify the historical estimate as current mineral resources or mineral reserves. Although the historical estimates are believed to be based on reasonable assumptions, they were calculated prior to the implementation of National Instrument 43-101. These historical estimates do not meet current standards as defined under sections 1.2 and 1.3 of NI 43-101; consequently, the issuer is not treating the historical estimate as current mineral resources or mineral reserves.

3 Data from the above drill results are historical results and it is unknown what type of quality-control programs were performed at the time. The QP also advises that true width of the above results cannot be determined at this time.


The Hungry Gully Project (HGP) consists of a wholly-owned Special Exclusive Prospecting Licenses (SEPL) covering 48 sq. km. The HGP is located within the southern part of the highly tectonized altered and mineralized Cretaceous Blue Mountain Inlier. Limited focused exploration has been completed to date at the HGP.  The Hungry Gully Project is available for option.


The geologic history of subduction, crustal thickening and tectonism has produced extensive mineralization within areas of Cretaceous rock throughout the Caribbean, such as at the Pueblo Viejo deposit, which contains more than 36 million ounces gold and 930 million pounds copper. The HGP lies just north of a strong deep crustal fault and shear system that spans the entire island.  Sheared and altered volcanic and sedimentary rocks are found adjacent to altered Cretaceous aged intrusives.


Exploration and prospecting to date, although limited, demonstrates the excellent potential at HGP for economically-viable epithermal gold and copper-gold skarn and porphyry deposit.


Soil sampling by C3 Metals has indicated a strong copper in soil anomaly at the Dunrobin Prospect.  Several continuous 200ppm Cu contours indicate significant copper mineralization in nearby bedrock.  All anomalies are open along strike with the central zone indicating at least 750m of strike length.  No drilling has been done on the Dunrobin prospect.


Exploration by BHP in the 1990s indicated the presence of an epithermal gold system at Round Hill within the HGP that may be distal and to a copper + gold ± molybdenum system at the nearby Dunrobin site.


The project is underlain by andesitic volcanic rocks of Arthur’s Seat and Bull Head Formations. At the surface, wide spread copper mineralization occurs in fractures, sheer zones, and veins. Mineralization is accompanied by porphyry-style hydrothermal alteration and secondary copper oxides at the surface. The wide extent of copper mineralization is confirmed by high anomalous copper in rock-chip samples and regional scale geophysical anomalies.


Based on exploration to date, Arthur’s Seat has the clear potential to host a significant porphyry copper deposit  similar to the Main Ridge and Bellas Gate projects. 


  • Historically, Noranda explored the area in the 1960s. Historical work identified 55 copper occurrences

  • Fenton(1979) reviewed the copper occurrences for the Geological Survey Division

  • During the 1980s, 44 stream sediments were collected as part of the CIDA program

  • Noranda rocks collected at Peters Hill assayed up to 3.0% Cu

  • Carube collected rock chips near Old Woman’s Hill prospect that assayed up to 0.5% Cu

  • Priority targets are Brandon Hill, Peters Hill, Santa Maria and Old Woman’s Hill


  • Noranda interpreted a buried copper oxide and porphyry copper style deposit may be present at shallow to moderate depths
  • Regional magnetic and gravity survey data indicates a deeper magma chamber

  • 3D MagInversion should identify magnetic anomalies (apophysis) emanating off the interpreted magmatic chamber at depth


C3 Metals Inc. has a 100% interest in two porphyry copper-gold properties covering 337 square kilometres within the Cascade Magmatic Arc in southwestern British Columbia. The property portfolio includes Mackenzie (Cu-Au) and Rogers Creek (Cu-Au) projects. The Rogers Creek project is currently under option to Tocvan Ventures Corp (CSE-TOC) where Tocvan can earn an 80% interest by spending $1.9M on exploration and issuing C3 Metals Inc. 1.3M shares over four years. Both projects have had recent discoveries where significant exposures of altered rock and/or copper-gold mineralization have been defined, indicative of the presence of large mineralized systems. C3 Metal’s property portfolio is located along a 250 kilometre segment of the Cascade Magmatic Arc, the same belt of rocks that hosts the Glacier Peak copper deposit (1.7 Bt @ 0.33% Cu and 0.015% MoS2) and Margaret copper deposit (597 Mt @ 0.47% CuEq) in the state of Washington (all historic resources).


The Mackenzie property is located in southwestern British Columbia, approximately 100 kilometres west of Lillooet, the nearest population centre, railhead, source of high-tension power and major roads. Forest service access roads cross the northern and southern claim boundaries and link the property with the town of Gold Bridge, which is located about 40 kilometres to the east. The property consists of 12 mining claims covering 125 square kilometres.  The Mackenzie Project is currently available for option.


Situated within the Cascade Magmatic Arc Porphyry Belt that extends from Oregon State to British Columbia.  The belt contains late Cretaceous to Tertiary plutonism within an active subduction zone. Numerous deposits associated with this porphyry belt including; Glacier Peak deposit (1.7Bt 0.35% Cu) and the Margaret deposit (700Mt 0.6% CuEq) in Washington State. Within the intrusive host rocks, Intersecting NW-SE arc parallel and NE-SW transpressional structural trends are important controls on Cu-Au mineralization. At Mackenzie three priority Cu+/-Au structural trends occur including: The Bornite Zone(Up to 9% Cu), the Tillworth Zone(Up to 23% Cu) and the Breccia Zone(Up to 1.1% Cu). All systems open along strike and at depth.


Project potential further enhanced by AMARC’s discovery of the IKE copper-gold deposit immediately north and <10km along strike of the prospect. Drill intercepts in the IKE discovery include: 247.0m @ 0.41% CuEq1, 0.28% Cu, 0.03% Mo, 2.0 g/t Ag and 591.5m @ 0.44% CuEq1, 0.30% Cu, 0.032% Mo, 2.1 g/t Ag


Sampling and mapping at the Bornite Trend has identified three significant mineralized zones: the Cauldron (Quartz Monzonite) Zone that is mineralized one kilometre x 1 kilometre with high grade quartz-bornite-chalcocite veining with magnetite association; the Mag-Fingers (Quartz-Feldspar) Zone that is mineralized within a 500m x 1500m area and consists of quartz-bornite-malachite veining with extensive copper oxide fracture fills; and the Tetrahedrite Peak (Quartz-Feldspar) Zone that is mineralized within a  500m x 500m area consisting of high grade quartz-tetrahedrite veins.

At the Breccia Trend, the Breccia Spires (Quartz-Sericite) zone is mineralized over an area of 1,000m by 1,000m. Strongly oxidized and silicified epithermal breccia spires are found to contain significant quartz. secondary copper-oxides and tetrahedrite-tennantite. Rock grab samples collected contain up to 1.07% Cu and 0.33 g/t Au.


Historic mapping and sampling at the Tillworth Trend identified a northwest to southeast trending zone of quartz chalcopyrite ± bornite ± molybdenite veining and stringers that can be traced along strike for more than 13 kilometre. A total 88 rock samples were collected by C3 Metals during previous exploration programs, with a total 59 samples assaying above 0.30% Cu and up to 23.4% Cu with associated gold (0.01 to 1.65 g/t) and silver (0.17 to 78 g/t). The mineralized structure varies from cm-scale to nine metres in width and is spatially associated with a younger, fine-grained granodioritic to dioritic dyke. The Tillworth Trend prospect was not visited during this mapping and sampling program.


The Rogers Creek project straddles the Lower Lillooet River Valley, approximately 90 kilometres northeast of Vancouver, and 28 kilometres south of Pemberton. The project consists of 47 contiguous claims, aggregating 212.34 square kilometres. Rogers Creek is under option to Tocvan Ventures Corp, where they can earn 80% of the project by spending $1.8M and issuing C3 Metals 1M shares over 4 years. The Rogers Creek property consists of four significant target areas including a minimum 6 x 2 km area of anomalous soil geochemistry, multiple untested IP anomalies, and significant surface exposures of copper, gold, and silver mineralization.


The property is centred on the Miocene-aged Rogers Creek Intrusive Complex (16.7+/-2.7 Ma), which intrudes overlying and coeval Miocene-age Crevasse Crag volcanic flow rocks and pyroclastic rocks, and older metamorphosed Jurassic and Cretaceous host rocks. Although the Rogers Creek Pluton is dominantly granodioritic, the western contact of the pluton comprises a porphyritic, intermediate contact phase, and discrete feldspar-, biotite-, and hornblende-phyric syenitic bodies. Syenite, diorite, porphyritic granodiorite, and monzonite phases have also been mapped.


C3 Metal’s interpretation of the magnetic signature  in the northern half of the property is an oval-shaped eroded caldera cored mainly by various dioritic to granodioritic intrusives that are cut by multiple generations of arc-parallel and related conjugate fault sets. These faults are interpreted to have focused the emplacement of a post-mineral intrusive breccia at the core of Target I and likely gave rise to the formation of the magnetic low at the core of Target II. The formation of these faults also directly controlled multiple stages of copper-gold +/- molybdenum mineralization across at least the northern half of the property especially in and around the margins of Targets I and II magnetic lows.


Throughout 2015 and 2016, a six line-kilometre IP survey was completed within Target 1, complimented by additional analysis of soil samples from storage to define the northern limits of the system. After processing of the IP data, it was discovered that a large, open ended chargeability anomaly occurs within the northern section of Target 1. A full compilation, integration, and modelling of all data was placed in 3D software for future targeting.

In 2019, Tocvan Ventures completed their first year of exploration which included extending the IP survey further north.  Results from this survey confirm the location of the chargeability anomaly and better defines a compelling drill target.


In 2008, the company conducted a major field program including a 1,506 line-kilometre airborne magnetic survey, which was flown over the northern two-thirds of the property. In 2010, an airborne magnetic and radiometric survey was flown over the southerly Fire Mountain claim block. Results of the two airborne surveys, and field work consisting of stream sediment and soil sampling, prospecting, and mapping in 2008 and 2009 defined the four target areas. A 28 line-kilometre IP survey completed over Targets I and II in 2009 and helped to focus an initial three-hole drill program on the western margin of Target I that was completed in the fall of 2009.

Streams draining Targets I and II returned silt samples containing up to 800 ppb gold, 835 ppb silver and 73 ppm copper versus background values of approximately 2.5 ppb gold, 20 ppb silver and 15 ppm copper. Quartz-sulphide veins on the periphery and cutting Target I breccia returned gold and silver values up to 23.1 g/t gold, 232 g/t silver, 0.69% copper and 81.4 ppm molybdenum. The strong stream and rock geochemistry is reflected in the broad distribution of gold (>25 ppb Au) and copper (>100 ppm Cu) soil anomalies within the 6 x 2 kilometre area encompassing Targets 1 and II and to a lesser extent Target III, which has a dominant gold signature.

Mapping, prospecting, and surface sampling within the Target II soil geochemical anomaly located copper-gold mineralization within an 80 x 100 metre area. The mineralization, hosted by silica-chlorite altered hornblende diorite, consisted of up to several percent disseminated chalcopyrite and lesser pyrite with rare chalcopyrite and pyrite veins up to one cm wide. An initial 10 grab samples, excluding one cross-cut by a pyrite-chalcopyrite vein which returned 3.72% Cu, 15.75 g/t Au and 91.9 g/t Ag, averaged 1.372 g/t Au, 0.53% Cu and 11.97 g/t Ag. Highlight samples included:






3.72% Cu

15.75 g/t Au.

91.9 g/t Ag


0.72% Cu

4.91 g/t Au

25.8 g/t Ag


0.79% Cu

2.19 g/t Au

21.6 g/t Ag


0.82% Cu

0.836 g/t Au

8.95 g/t Ag

Channel sampling of the surface mineralization returned 9.12 metres of 1.96 g/t gold (“Au”), 0.57% copper (“Cu”) , 13.7 g/t silver (“Ag”) confirming the results of the grab samples.

A total of 10 holes for 5,200m of core drilling has been completed at Rogers Creek with anomalous gold and copper intersected in all holes.


C3 Metals Inc.’s Nova Scotia property covers 46 square kilometres in the Eastern part of the province. The Stewart Brook Gold (SBG) property comprises 300 individual claims staked by the company. Historic work from the 1980s indicated high values of gold in glacial till in a geological environment that has proven to host significant gold deposits in the province.  Nova Scotia has recently emerged as a highly favorable jurisdiction for gold discovery and production and hosts a mine with one of the lowest gold production costs in the sector.

Gold mining in Nova Scotia’s dates back more than 150 years, commencing in the mid 1800’s and continuing through to the early 1900’s.  It is estimated that over a million ounces of gold has been produced during that time, and the province is once again seeing a boom in mineral exploration and mining.  Although not as well known as the Yukon gold rush, more than 60 gold districts were established in the province.  Historic and current gold projects in the vicinity of C3 Metals Inc.’s Stewart Brook Gold project include the following: 

Forest Hills Gold District is located 6km north of SBG and records indicate more than 26,000 ounces was produced.  The Forest Hills deposit is owned and operated by Resource Capital Gold Corp, who have defined an uncapped Indicated resource of 114,000 ounces gold grading 11.0 g/t Au and an Inferred resource of 308,000 ounces gold grading 10.6 g/t Au)(1).
Anaconda Mining’s Goldboro deposit is located in the Upper Seal Harbour Gold District and 6.5km southeast of SBG, records indicate more than 57,000 ounces was produced.  Anaconda recently announced PEA study results for the Goldboro deposit, indicating a 9-year mine life with gold production estimated at 375,900 ounces and an all-in sustaining cash(AISC) cost of $797 per ounce (~USD$615* per ounce) (2). 
Country Harbour Gold District is located 5km west of SBG and historical records indicate more than 9,000 ounces was mined (3). 
Atlantic Gold’s Cochrane Hill open pit resource is located approximately 20km west of Carube Copper’s SBG has a Measured and Indicated resource of 607,000 ounces of gold at 1.08 g/t and an inferred resource of 73,000 ounces of gold at 1.24 g/t (4). The close proximity of current gold resources and past gold production does not necessarily mean the same would be found on C3 Metals’s SBG project area.


Notes: (1) Forest Hill resource data from RCG website project summary  (2) Goldboro reserve and AISC numbers from Anaconda Mining website  (3) Country Harbour Historic production from Nova Scotia publication OFM ME 1986-055. (4) Cochrane Hill resource from Atlantic Gold’s website


The Company acquired through staking directly from the government, a 100% interest in 300 mineral claims covering the Stewart Brook Gold project area (“SBG”), totaling over 46 square kilometers.  The claims are located in Guysborough County, Nova Scotia.  The SBG project area was staked for its district scale exploration potential for saddle-reef and vein style gold mineralization.  Property highlights include:

  • Located along strike of Atlantic Gold’s Cochrane Hill deposit
  • Large gold in till anomaly defined, measuring 8000m by 4000m
  • Three historical gold districts located within 5km
  • Mapped anticline and synclines with cross cutting faults
  • Excellent infrastructure, access and investor friendly jurisdiction


In 2019, the Company conducted a reconnaissance till sampling program over the anomalous area and several previously unexplored areas to confirm historic data and discover new zones of anomalous gold. 

Highlights from the 2019 exploration program include:

  1. Anomalous gold values in 13 of the 22 samples collected
  2. Confirmed the historic 8000m by 4000m gold anomaly with up to 222ppb Au in till
  3. Extended sampling to the south and west, identifying a new 1,240ppb Au in till anomalous sample
  4. Completed north-south till sample lines for gold grain analysis and determined potential travel distance


Anticline and syncline structures have been mapped in the project area, and a large northwest structure bisects the property.  The exploration target is a classic saddle-reef deposit within anticlinal structures, associated cross cutting auriferous veins and disseminated or fractured controlled gold mineralization associated with the granitic intrusives


The Company is excited about the initial results of its 2019 surface exploration program at the SBG project, which included selected reconnaissance till sampling which verified a large historic gold-in-till anomaly and identified a new target area for follow-up work.

Follow up work in the “up-icePriority Areas will include magnetics and VLF geophysics, prospecting and mapping, and drilling if warranted in the next phases of exploration.  Expansion and refinement of the gold target will occur as new results and interpretations are completed over the coming exploration seasons.


In 2019, the Company conducted a ground-truthing reconnaissance a till sampling program over the anomalous area and several previously unexplored areas to confirm historic data and obtain representative samples for further studies.  Till is deposited on the surface during glaciation and contains rock and mineral fragments that provide clues to undiscovered mineralization in areas of limited exposure.  Till samples were sent to Overburden Drilling Management (ODM) located in Ottawa in order to obtain a 300-400g sample of heavy minerals. Gold grains were separated from the heavy mineral concentrate and counted, measured, and classified, which provided critical information regarding distance of glacial transport. The relative abundances of any sulphides and similar indicator minerals or metallic contaminants was estimated, and the expected gold assay value of the contained gold grains calculated. A representative split is removed from each sample and submitted to ALS in Vancouver, British Columbia for geochemical analysis.

This till sampling program was very successful in confirming the historic work as well as opening up a new anomaly in the southwest portion of the SBG property. Confirming high grade gold-in-till near to the Country Harbour and Widows Point gold districts is very encouraging, and our upcoming follow-up exploration activities will endeavour to narrow down the location of the bedrock source.

Historic results have now been verified by Company’s recent till sampling program, which yielded 13 till samples with visible gold that assayed from 4 to 222 calculated ppb Au in Heavy Mineral Concentrate (HMC).

A new gold in till anomaly was also identified in a single isolated sample (with no other samples within one kilometer) along the southwestern border of the SBG project. The lone till sample returned 1,240 calculated ppb gold and was collected less than a kilometer east-northeast from the   Country Harbour Gold District.  Anticline and syncline structures mapped to the west of Country Harbour, are interpreted to extend onto the SBG project area based on the early mapping work of geologist E.R. Faribault.

In total, 22 till samples were extracted, inspected and analyzed. Till samples were sent to Overburden Drilling Management (ODM) located in Ottawa Ontario, where gold grains were separated from the heavy mineral concentrates and counted, measured and classified. Till data provided important information regarding potential distance of glacial transport, and more importantly proximity to bedrock.


Between 1986-1989, Seabright Resources Inc. conducted an extensive till and soil geochemical survey over the Meguma Terrane in Nova Scotia.  Seabright’s comprehensive sampling program identified numerous gold-in-till anomalies across the province, including an 8,000m by 4,000m anomaly at SBG.  A total of 48 tills were collected at 1000-metre spacings along 500-metre spaced grid lines.  A heavy mineral concentrate was prepared from each till sample and analyzed for gold plus 25 elements.  In total, more than sixty percent of the samples assayed above 0.07g/t gold, and up to 4.9g/t gold, with the anomaly being open in all directions.  Anticline and syncline structures have been mapped in the project area, and a large northwest structure bisects the property.  The exploration target is a classic saddle-reef deposit within anticlinal structures, associated cross cutting auriferous veins and disseminated or fractured controlled gold mineralization associated with the granitic intrusives within the project area.